Clement XIV


Clement XIV
(1705–74)
   Pope.
   Clement XIV was born Giovanni Ganganelli and he was a member of the Franciscan Order. He became a Cardinal in 1759 and, in 1769, after a long, acrimonious conclave, he was elected Pope. Clement is remembered as the Pope who suppressed the Jesuit Order. It has been conjectured that his election was the result of a secret agreement. In any event in 1773, in obedience to the wishes of his French and Spanish allies, who had gone so far as to threaten schism over the issue, Clement issued the brief ‘Dominus ac Redemptor’ and the order was suppressed. However, Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia ignored the instruction and the order continued to work in their domains. Despite bowing to the pressure of the Catholic princes, Clement continued to face the erosion of papal power in an age of anti-clericalism and increased secularism.
   J.C.H. Aveling, The Jesuits (1981);
   M.P. Harney, The Jesuits in History (1941).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Clément XIV — Pape de l’Église catholique Visus velox Nom de naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clement XIV — Clément XIV Clément XIV Pape de l’Église catholique romaine Visus velox …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clément XIV — (Giovanni Vincenzo Ganganelli) (1705 1774) pape de 1769 à 1774; sous la pression des états cathol., il abolit l ordre des Jésuites (1773) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Clement XIV — (Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli or Lorenzo Ganganelli) 1705 74, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1769 74. * * * ▪ pope original name  Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli , Franciscan name  Lorenzo  born Oct. 31, 1705, near Rimini, Papal States… …   Universalium

  • Clement XIV — noun Italian pope from 1769 to 1774 who lost whatever support remained of Catholic Europe, causing the church to fall into the hands of secular princes (1705 1774) • Syn: ↑Lorenzo Ganganelli • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pope, ↑Catholic Pope, ↑Roman… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Clement XIV, Pope — • Reigned 1769 1774 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Clement XIV — Clement XIV Papacy began 19 May 1769 Papacy ended 22 September 1774 ( 100000000000000050000005 years, 10000000000000126000000126 days) …   Wikipedia

  • Liste des cardinaux créés par Clément XIV — Le pape Clément XIV a créé pendant son pontificat de 1769 à 1774, 17 cardinaux dans 12 consistoires. Sommaire 1 18 décembre 1769 2 29 janvier 1770 3 6 août 1770 4 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clement XIII — Clément XIII Clément XIII Pape de l’Église catholique romaine Rosa Umbriae …   Wikipédia en Français


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